Q:

# A square pyramid has a base with an area of 20 square meters, and its lateral faces have a slant height of x meters. Sydney is constructing a second square pyramid with the same size base, but the lateral faces of her pyramid have a slant height twice as long, 2x. Which statement best describes how the surface area of Sydney’s pyramid compares to the surface area of the original pyramid?1. Sydney’s pyramid will have the same surface area because the .5 in the expression for the area of the triangular faces will make up for the slant height being doubled.2. Sydney’s pyramid will have the same surface area because the slant height is not used when finding surface area.3. Sydney’s pyramid will have a surface area that is exactly double the original pyramid’s because the slant height is used when finding the area of every lateral face.4. Sydney’s pyramid will have a surface area that is greater than the original pyramid’s but not double the area because the slant height is not used when finding the area of the base.30 POINTS

Accepted Solution

A:
1. Consider the pyramid ABCDE in the figure 1 attached:Each side of the square base equals  (units)Area of 1 lateral side of pyramid ABCDE is so the total lateral area is  (units squared)and the total surface area is  (units squared)2. Now consider the second figure KLMNP, Sydney's pyramid:The lateral area is so the total area of the second pyramid is So 2 things can be said about the areas:i) the lateral area of Sydney's pyramid is times larger than the lateral area of the original pyramid.ii) The total area of Sydney's pyramid is units squared larger than the total area of the original pyramid.